The right name for the city is Derry from the Irish Doire Cholm Chille – meaning the oak-grove of Colmkille. It got the name Londonderry from a company of swindlers that were founded in London, in the seventeenth century, to drive the native Irish off the land and to settle the place with English and Scots.
Do Protestants call it Derry or Londonderry?
The name “Derry” is preferred by nationalists and it is broadly used throughout Northern Ireland’s Catholic community, as well as that of the Republic of Ireland, whereas many unionists prefer “Londonderry”; however, in everyday conversation “Derry” is used by most Protestant residents of the city.
What is the difference between Derry and Londonderry?
Generally, although not always, nationalists favour using the name Derry, and unionists Londonderry. Legally, the city and county are called “Londonderry”, while the local government district containing the city is called “Derry City and Strabane”.
Is Derry mainly Catholic or Protestant?
Although Derry was originally an almost exclusively Protestant city, it has become increasingly Catholic over recent centuries. At the last (1991) census, the population of the Derry Local Government District was approximately 69% Catholic.
When did Derry become Londonderry?
The London prefix was added to Derry when the city was granted a Royal Charter by King James I in 1613. In 1984, the name of the nationalist-controlled council was changed from Londonderry to Derry City Council, but the city itself continues to be officially known as Londonderry.
What is Derry short for?
Derry is a male given name, often an abbreviation of Diarmuid or its anglicisiation Dermot. It can also be a diminutive of Alexander.
What percentage of Derry is Catholic?
In the Belfast City Council and Derry and Strabane District Council areas, the figures at ward level vary from 95% Protestant to 99% Catholic.
List of districts in Northern Ireland by religion or religion brought up in.
|District||Derry and Strabane|
|Protestant and other Christian||25.4%|
How did the IRA end?
These resulted in the 1998 Good Friday Agreement, and in 2005 the IRA formally ended its armed campaign and decommissioned its weapons under the supervision of the Independent International Commission on Decommissioning.
Why is it called Free Derry?
Free Derry (Irish: Saor Dhoire) was a self-declared autonomous Irish nationalist area of Derry, Northern Ireland, that existed between 1969 and 1972, during the Troubles. … Its name was taken from a sign painted on a gable wall in the Bogside which read, “You are now entering Free Derry”.
What is Londonderry famous for?
Derry is famous for its old intact city walls which surround the old city which lies on the banks of the River Foyle. This one mile of city walls are known as one of the best examples of a walled city in Europe. In 1689 the city of Derry withstood a siege for 105 days.
What is the most Irish city in England?
Arguably the most Irish city in England, Liverpool has a long history of Irish emigration dating back to the Irish Famine. Liverpool is the closest English city to Ireland, which meant that thousands of people fleeing the famine in Ireland landed in the city.
Do Protestants play GAA?
For example, as Milne points out: “Typically, the Protestant GAA player is someone who has not ‘gone away’ to school; that is, that they attended the local, usually Catholic, secondary school rather than going to a rugby- or hockey-playing boarding school with a Protestant ethos.”
Is England Protestant or Catholic?
While the United Kingdom’s official religion is Protestant Christianity, the Church of England remains the state church of its largest constituent region, England. The Monarch of the United Kingdom is the Supreme Governor of the Church.
Why were the Derry Walls built?
Derry’s walls were originally built by the Irish Society between 1613 and 1619. They were built with the intention of protecting the Scottish and English planters that had moved to Ulster as part of the Plantation of Ulster that had been established by James I.
How far is Londonderry from Belfast?
The distance between Belfast and Londonderry is 62 miles. The road distance is 70.4 miles.
Which part of Derry is Catholic?
The Waterside is a mainly Protestant and unionist area, while the rest of Derry City is mainly Irish Catholic and nationalist.